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Mars or earth microbes can survive deinococcusradiodurans. 云南财经大学国际工商学院

Mars or earth microbes can survive: deinococcusradiodurans topped the sulfur mine harsh environment. Sunrise on the dead sea. Sina Technology Beijing time February 3rd news, according to foreign media reports, Mars is not a habitable planet, because it is far away from the sun, so here is extremely cold, barren land. Astrobiologists guess, in simple unicellular organisms on earth the most extreme area of life, may have a slim chance of survival on Mars, they are deinococcusradiodurans, halococci and methanogens. Scientists have tested and tested the radiation tolerance of these microbes, but they are still not sure that they can survive in extreme conditions in mars. The daily average temperature of Mars is about 60 degrees below zero, and the temperature in the polar winter is as low as minus 126 degrees celsius. In addition, the thin Martian atmosphere that the planet steeped in dense ray destroys life in. In addition, there is no oxygen in the Martian atmosphere, and 95% of the atmosphere is carbon dioxide. However, scientists believe that, in the most extreme areas, such as simple single celled organisms found in sulphur lake and permafrost, may have a slim chance of survival on the red planet. To test the viability of these organisms, astrobiology simulates the Martian environment in the laboratory, irradiating them with large amounts of gamma rays and ultraviolet rays, and freezing them. Some microbes are even taken to the international space station for the final test. Today, researchers list a list of candidate microbes that can survive on the red planet and live below subzero temperatures, vacuum environments, and dense solar radiation. So what do these microbes look like? The most promising species to survive on Mars is resistant to radiation, the most resistant form of life that has been discovered so far. Because of its tenacity, radiation resistant bacteria are also called "Conan bacteria", which can withstand ionizing radiation thousands of times to cause death. In addition, the radiation resistant coccus can also be afraid of extremely low temperature. Scientists have placed the microbe at minus 79 degrees, equivalent to the mid latitude temperature of mars. At the same time, they used gamma rays to cover the radiation bug for a long period of time, simulating the radiation that might be exposed to the depths of 30 centimeters beneath the Martian soil. The extreme resistance of this organism is so strong that researchers estimate that even in extreme environments for 1 million 200 thousand years, the number of species is reduced by only one millionth of that. Cubic crystal salt. In second survivors of Mars should be halococci family, they are Archaea precedent. Archaea are a very special group of bacteria, living in extreme ecological environments, possibly the oldest life forms on the planet, appearing on the primitive earth as early as 35-38 billion years ago. Halococci life on earth in high salt areas, such as Dead Sea. In theory, halophilic bacteria can survive on Mars, where brine and liquid salts are discovered. Two Halococcus dombrowskii and Halobacterium sp. NRC-1 have been shown to survive in the simulated Martian atmosphere in the family of halophilic bacteria

或可存活火星的地球微生物:耐辐射球菌居首 硫磺矿的环境严酷恶劣。 死海上的日出。   新浪科技讯 北京时间2月3日消息,据国外媒体报道,火星不是一个宜居行星,因其距离太阳遥远,所以这里极度寒冷土地贫瘠。天体生物学家猜测,在地球最极端的地区生存的简单单细胞生物,或许能在火星上有一线生机,它们分别是耐辐射球菌、嗜盐球菌和产甲烷菌。科学家对这些微生物的耐辐射能力进行了各种试验和测试,却仍无法确信它们能在火星的极端环境下真正生存下来。   火星的日平均气温大约为零下60摄氏度,在两极冬季气温更是低至零下126摄氏度。此外,稀薄的火星大气表明,这个星球浸淫在摧毁生命的密集射线中。此外,火星大气中没有氧气,95%的大气成分是二氧化碳。然而,科学家相信,在地球最极端地区,如硫磺湖和永冻土中发现的简单单细胞生物,在这颗红色星球上或许能有一线生机。   为了检验这些生物的存活能力,天体生物学家在实验室中模拟火星环境,用大量伽玛射线和紫外线照射它们,并将其冷冻。一些微生物甚至被带到国际空间站进行最后测试。如今,研究人员列出一系列候选微生物名单,它们或能在红色星球上存活,经受住那里的零下气温、真空环境和密集的太阳辐射。那么,这些微生物都长什么样呢?   最有望在火星上生存下来的当属耐辐射球菌,这是迄今为止发现的最能抵抗辐射的生命形态。耐辐射球菌因其坚韧性,又被戏称为“柯南细菌”,它能经受住数千倍致人死亡的电离辐射量。此外,耐辐射球菌还能无惧极低温度。科学家将该微生物置于零下79度的环境中,相当于火星上中纬度气温。同时,他们用伽玛射线长期高强度笼罩耐辐射球菌,模拟其在火星土壤下30厘米深处可能遭受到的辐射。该微生物的极端抗性如此之强,以至于研究人员估测,即使在极端环境下生存120万年,其物种数量的减少量也仅为原来的百万分之一。 矿盐的立方晶体。   位居第二的火星生存者应为嗜盐球菌家族,它们是古细菌的先例。古细菌是一类很特殊的细菌,多生活在极端的生态环境中,可能是行星上最古老的生命形态,早在35-38亿年前就出现在原始的地球上。嗜盐球菌生活在地球上盐份高的地区,如死海。从理论上来说,嗜盐球菌能在火星上生存,因为那里发现了咸卤水和液态盐。在嗜盐球菌家族中,有两种菌Halococcus dombrowskii和Halobacterium sp. NRC-1已被证实,能够在模拟的火星大气中存活。实验显示,它们可以在6倍于大气标准气压,大气成分98%为二氧化碳,以及平均气温为零下60摄氏度的环境中生存6小时以上。此外,在矿盐晶体中发现的存活了百万年的耐盐微生物也证明,它们有望在火星上生存下来。   排名第三的火星生存微生物可能是产甲烷菌,它们无需吸氧,靠氢气和二氧化碳为生,副产品为甲烷。产甲烷菌在自然界中广泛生存,并在极端环境中安家,如温泉、盐池、酸碱湖,以及西伯利亚永冻土。它们还可见于牛的内脏、白蚁以及死亡或腐烂的物质中。天体生物学家对这种永冻土中生存的微生物特别感兴趣,因为北极永冻土与火星地表下的环境非常类似。事实上,最新研究显示,在火星赤道与北极之间的地表下存在着一片巨大的冰块,面积相当于美国加州与德州合起来的大小。产甲烷菌非常适宜火星生活,因为这种简单微生物不需要光、氧,或者有机营养就能存活。在2007年的一次实验中,产甲烷菌被置于模拟火星环境中,最后它们活下来了。   作为德国地球科学研究中心的研究小组负责人,迪克-瓦格纳最新发现,在西伯利亚萨莫伊洛夫岛的永冻土中有一种坚不可摧的产甲烷菌,名为Methanosarcina soligelidi。他称这种微生物为“人类的超级英雄”,因为它能抵抗住最极端的气候环境。在莫伊洛夫岛上,平均日气温为零下14.7摄氏度,有时能降到零下48摄氏度。岛上非常干燥,年降水量仅为190毫米,土壤长年冻结。瓦格纳已经发现,生存在这片永冻土中的微生物和其它产甲烷菌能经受住严寒和脱水环境,而他的超级英雄则几乎是坚不可摧。他用太阳紫外线和电离伽玛射线大量轰击Methanosarcina soligelidi,以测试其生存极限。实验显示,相比另一种产甲烷菌Methanosarcina barkeri,它能抵抗住的紫外线是其13.8倍,电离辐射是其46.6倍。这意味着,它能吸收的辐射水平相当于地球初期环境以及火星当前环境下的辐射量。 冻结的永冻土。 古老海岸上的太古宙叠层石。   那么,问题来了:为什么这些微生物如此坚韧不拔?为什么它们进化到今天,能够抵抗如此高的辐射量,这些辐射量常见于太空和火星环境,却不常见于地球?例如,在永冻土中,背景电离辐射量约为每年2毫克,大致相当于单个脑CT扫描的辐射量,远远低于生活在该环境下的微生物的耐辐射量门槛。一种猜测是微生物古老的年龄。许多耐辐射微生物都是古细菌,它们进化伊始时地球上还没有臭氧层,因此完全暴露于太阳的全紫外线光谱下。那时的太阳辐射比今天强烈多了,因此地球上的一些早期统治者可能需要复制某些生存机制,即使在地球形成臭氧层后这些机制依然存在。然而,多数研究人员认为,生命起源于深海,即使大气中存在臭氧层,在那里辐射几乎都算不上什么问题。   另一个理论是,微生物具备对辐射的抵抗力纯属偶然,是它们适应地球极端环境的结果。瓦格纳解释说:“一般而言,微生物对一种压力耐受,也会对其它压力耐受。耐辐射球菌能抗高强度辐射,因此也能抗干旱,它基于的是相同的机制。”换句话说,所有能在火星上生存的微生物候选者,无论是耐辐射球菌,还是嗜盐球菌和产甲烷菌,都是在其生存环境中进化出这种独特的生存方式,耐辐射能力只是一个副产品。   那么,这些微生物到底是如何保护自已不受辐射伤害呢?一些耐盐微生物仅仅是将自己藏起来,远离太阳紫外线辐射。嗜盐球菌属鳕细胞群聚在一起,形成一层又一层微生物,表层细胞吸收太阳辐射后,深处的细胞就可免于太阳辐射。如果微生物长期自然生活在低氧、高盐的环境中,它们不会窒息。然而,天体生物学家史蒂芬-卢克解释说,这种生存策略仅在对付紫外线时有效,一旦面对电离伽玛辐射就难以奏效,因为伽玛辐射能量大,能够穿透细胞群深入抵达中心。这意味着,火星上的微生物能够藏在土壤或冰下逃避紫外线辐射,却还是难逃电离辐射。另一些微生物则运用了不同的生存方法。辐射能触发活性氧的释放,而活性氧又会损伤诸如蛋白质和DNA等细胞成分。为了对付困难,耐盐古细菌的菌紫红质能够清除活性氧,保护细胞免受损伤。 有害的太阳辐射。 贫瘠的火星地表。   即使辐射和干燥会损伤DNA,许多微生物似乎都能修复这一损伤。一项研究显示,柯南细菌能够利用修复蛋白质缝合断裂的DNA。只要修复系统完备,细菌就能存活。柯南细菌还会变另一个戏法。它的不同染色体上携带多份基因备份,一旦一到两个备份被辐射损伤,细胞就能使用其它基因备份活下来,同时对DNA损伤进行修复。一些微生物在体内细胞中聚集盐份和糖份,以防止自身脱水。这似乎也是通过保护DNA双螺旋结构的完整,防止辐射损伤。然而,盐和糖的作用并不清楚,不过有证据显示,海藻糖的确能提供保护,防止蛋白质和细胞壁在受热或脱水时散开。   尽管如此,卢克和瓦格纳都无法确信,这些微生物能够在今天的火星地表上真正存活,因为那里的环境实在是过于极端,所以即使是地球上最坚不可摧的生命在火星上能否生存也是个未知数。不过,火星地表的早期环境与地球早期环境相似,虽然如今看上去贫瘠干燥,但许多证据显示火星上曾经存在过河流、湖泊和海洋。或许,火星上曾有过生物进化,并随着环境的恶化而逐渐适应。瓦格纳认为:“火星上或许曾存在过生命,它们可能已经灭绝,也可能深深掩藏在火星地壳中。”(彬彬)相关的主题文章:

”   杜德利的讲话无疑令美联储三月加息的概率进一步降低 奇术色医最新章节列表

The Fed’s number three man pigeon Clarion $FX168 Fed chairman triangular convergence fast three figures, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York Dudley (William Dudley) on Wednesday (February 3rd) said in a speech, the situation of financial market tensions continued to make the Federal Open Market Committee under pressure, or have to be taken into account in March. This also led to a short-term decline in the dollar. Dudley said that the current financial environment and the interest rate hike in December 2015 compared to a lot of tightening, the financial market situation continues to tension, the Federal Open Market Committee under pressure. He said: "the global economic downturn and a stronger dollar will damage the U.S. economy. Policymakers are not yet ready to draw many conclusions on the policy path at the current point." Dudley pointed out, "if this situation continues at the March meeting," we’ll have to think about it." Dudley’s speech is no doubt that the Fed rate hike in March to further reduce the probability, then the short-term dollar index fell sharply to refresh intraday low of 98.18. (the dollar index daily chart; source: FX168 financial network) proof: Sina Finance shares into [cool] discussion

美联储三号人物鸽声嘹亮 美元突破三角形收敛   FX168迅 美联储三号人物、纽约联储主席杜德利(William Dudley)周三(2月3日)讲话称,金融市场形势持续紧张令联邦公开市场委员会面临压力,3月或不得不加以考虑。这也引发美元短线下挫。   杜德利表示,目前的金融环境与2015年12月加息时相比收紧了很多,金融市场形势持续紧张令联邦公开市场委员会面临压力。   他说道:“全球经济大幅下行和美元走强将损害美国经济。政策制定者还没有准备好在当前的时点上就政策路径得出许多结论。”   杜德利指出,“如果这种状况在3月会议时还在持续,‘我们将不得不对此加以考虑’。”   杜德利的讲话无疑令美联储三月加息的概率进一步降低,随后美元指数短线急挫,刷新日内低位98.18。 (美元指数 日图;来源:FX168财经网)   校对:冷静 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章:

stock market volatility 第十大道和狼

A thriving gold gold rose nearly ETF years into a popular newspaper reporter Pang Huawei Guangzhou reported in the year of the monkey came outside the financial market jittery, stock market volatility, the only gold thriving – 2016 as of 2 15 April COMEX rose gold 15%. With the rise of gold prices, gold ETF has attracted much attention. Good buy fund data show that with the rising price of gold, the last 6 months, the market only four gold ETF only yields up to about 12%, and this year rose nearly 10%. Recently, when the stock fund sales fell into the freezing point, yifangda, Huaan fund began to actively promote the gold ETF products to customers. However, fund industry insiders said that although the medium and long term bullish gold related products, but in the short term, the price is still callback risk. Nearly 10% of the current market there are four gold ETF rose gold ETF years: Cathay gold ETF, gold ETF Bo, Huaan gold ETF efund gold ETF. This is only the four gold ETF investment in the Shanghai gold exchange gold spot contracts and other varieties, the investment in gold spot contract is not less than the proportion of the net assets of the fund 90%. Each gold corresponds to 0.01 grams of solid gold, 100 funds that each person corresponds to 1 grams of physical gold. In recent years the highest income Bo gold ETF, gold ETF Bo is divided into 3 types of share, share of the venue (159937); D (000929); OTC share class I OTC share (000930) deposits, campbell. The share can be purchased in Shenzhen, D OTC share in official website direct deposit Campbell Bo; can buy directly in the Alipay PC App mobile phone terminal and ant treasure, each 0.01 grams of gold deposit in Campbell equivalent. Good buy fund data show that the Bo gold ETF2016 year in February 15th the net value of 2.4363 yuan, the last 6 months of the rate of return is 12.32%. In December 30th last year, the closing price was 0.8732 yuan, February 5th closing price of 0.9566 yuan, according to the calculation, this year the rise has been close to 10%. While the other three gold ETF gold ETF, Huaan Cathay gold ETF efund gold ETF last 6 months yields were 11.98%, 11.82%, 11.99%. The reason for the recent gold prices, said yifangda gold ETF fund manager Lin Weibin accepted the twenty-first Century economic report interview, 2016 1-2 months, the global financial turmoil, the short-term hedging properties of gold increased, as of February 15th COMEX gold has risen 15%; for the first time the Fed rate hike is an important cause of the financial turmoil, the interest rate effect questioned by the market, the market expected the Fed will raise interest rates to slow, weakening factors to suppress the price of gold. At present, the price of gold is 1220 US dollars ounce, which has exceeded the first resistance position of 1200 us dollars. Boshijijin index investment department Wang Xiang told reporters in twenty-first Century economic report, the uncertainty of the market

金价一枝独秀 黄金ETF年内涨近一成走俏   本报记者 庞华玮 广州报道   猴年来临,外围金融市场风声鹤唳,股市震荡,唯有黄金一枝独秀――2016年截至2月15日COMEX黄金累计上涨15%。随着黄金价格的上涨,使得黄金ETF备受关注。   好买基金数据显示,随着黄金价格的上涨,最近6个月,市面上仅有的四只黄金ETF的收益率达12%左右,而今年以来的涨幅已近10%。   近期,当股票型基金销售跌入冰点时,易方达、华安基金等开始积极向客户推介黄金ETF产品。不过,基金业人士表示,尽管中长期看好黄金相关产品,但短期内其价格仍有回调风险。   黄金ETF年内涨近一成   目前市场有四只黄金ETF:国泰黄金ETF、博时黄金ETF、华安黄金ETF和易方达黄金ETF。这四只黄金ETF均是投资于上海黄金交易所的黄金现货合约等品种,其中投资于黄金现货合约的比例不低于基金资产净值的90%。每份黄金对应0.01克实金,100份基金即每手对应1克实物黄金。   以近期收益最高的博时黄金ETF为例,博时黄金ETF共分为3类份额,场内份额(159937);D类场外份额(000929);I类场外份额(000930),即存金宝。场内份额可在深交所购买,D类场外份额在博时官网上直销;存金宝则可直接在支付宝PC端及蚂蚁聚宝手机App上购买,每份“存金宝”等价于0.01克实物黄金。   好买基金数据显示,博时黄金ETF2016年2月15日的最新净值为2.4363元,最近6个月的收益率为12.32%。而去年12月30日收盘价为0.8732元,2月5日收盘价为0.9566元,据此计算,今年以来上涨幅度已接近10%。而另三只黄金ETF国泰黄金ETF、华安黄金ETF和易方达黄金ETF最近6个月的收益率分别为:11.98%、11.82%、11.99%。   对于近期黄金价格暴涨的原因,易方达黄金ETF基金经理林伟斌接受21世纪经济报道记者采访时表示, 2016年1-2月份,全球金融市场剧烈动荡,黄金的中短期避险属性增强,截至2月15日COMEX黄金累计上涨15%;美联储首次加息是此次金融动荡的重要诱因,加息效果受到市场质疑,市场预期美联储会减缓加息节奏,压制黄金价格的利率因素减弱。目前金价1220美元 盎司,已突破1200美元的第一阻力位。   博时基金指数投资部王祥也告诉21世纪经济报道记者,市场的不确定性使黄金为代表的避险资产受到欢迎。   “以往投资者投资A股以绝对回报为主,而黄金投资是追求保护性的资产,绝对增值收益不明显,但今年全球经济有许多不确定性因素,市场短期大幅波动,投资者应从资产增值转向资产管理。” 王祥告诉21世纪经济报道记者,“从绝对收益来说,今年黄金投资也不会很差。一方面黄金基本面有改善,黄金跌了5年,上游厂商减产,以中国为例,去年中国需求980多吨,产量是450吨,供应紧张局面已显现。另一方面,投资者早在去年已从黄金市场撤出,今年股市、汇市等市场的资金由于避险原因,蜂涌回流黄金市场,黄金市场容量不大,引起价格上涨。”   王祥介绍,从年初至今,国内的黄金价格从230元附近涨至250多元,短期内涨幅达到15%,在历史上看也是比较罕见的。   王祥认为,“中长期来看,黄金投资收益大于风险。黄金价格跌了5年,上行空间可观。”   不过,王祥认为由于前期黄金价格出现了一波迅猛的涨势,短期内有回调的风险。“此外,由于避险投机资金一般来也匆匆,去也匆匆,当风险资产价格企稳反弹之时,这部分资金的撤离也可能引发金价的大幅冲击。”   好买基金贵金属研究员高飞接受21世纪经济报道记者采访时也认同上述观点。“从长线来看,作为资产类别,在资本市场不好时,投资者风险偏好下降,资金有配置黄金的需求,黄金成为优质资产。建议在2016年考虑进行积极配置黄金资产,为财富打造出一具护体金身。但前期资金大量涌入黄金,近期有回吐需求,2月15日黄金价格就下跌了2%。现在盲目配置黄金产品有一定风险,不要过度重仓。”   黄金QDII投资分歧   相较于国内黄金ETF刚刚起步,海外黄金ETF已经发展成熟,黄金QDII型基金是投资海外市场的黄金ETF。好买基金研究显示,现在,在人民币贬值的情况下,以人民币计价的黄金QDII型基金迎来了很好的投资时机。而相比黄金ETF,黄金QDII型基金的收益更高。   目前公募基金有4只黄金QDII基金,分别为:诺安黄金、易方达黄金主题、嘉实黄金和汇添富黄金及贵金属。4只基金均成立于2011年,其今年以来的净值增长率也均在9%左右。   好买基金的研究报告表明,黄金ETF与黄金QDII型基金虽然波动相似,但黄金QDII型基金净值更高,这是由于投资黄金QDII不仅分享到了金价上涨收益,还可得到美元兑人民币升值的收益。与直接换汇相比,在没有大额申购限制的背景下,QDII基金可以无限购买,而境内居民直接换汇一年只能兑换5万美元额度。因此,在现阶段,无论作为分散风险的工具,还是稳定收益的选择,黄金QDII都是一个难得的投资机会。   不过,财通证券分析师金�在研报中认为,相较而言,国内黄金ETF的综合费率较QDII产品更具成本优势。此外,原油短期受消息面影响出现上涨,但仍缺乏持续反弹的基础,外围股市受全球基本面和流动性边际变化影响亦会产生较大波动,不建议高配或标配相关QDII产品。   而济安金信基金评价中心也表示,由于QDII基金申赎时间长,各项费率较高,考虑到交易成本以及交易效率,故不对QDII黄金基金做推荐。   新浪声明:此消息系转载自新浪合作媒体,新浪网登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述。文章内容仅供参考,不构成投资建议。投资者据此操作,风险自担。 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章:

借助苹果手机安全漏洞 君子之交淡如水的意思

Comments: Apple payment or impact on China’s financial security Qinan: Apple payment or impact on China’s financial security in February 18th, rumors of a long time of Apple payment (Apple Pay) officially landed in china. According to reports, in addition to industry, agriculture, China, China and other 19 mainstream banks announced support for Apple payment, the first batch of POS terminals supporting Apple Pay also surfaced, including the union cup, the bank as the representative of the national team, including other third party payment agencies. China is the largest consumer market of apple, with tens of millions of users, the arrival of Apple Pay will inevitably have a major impact on China’s mobile payment. Some important issues that cannot be avoided must be carefully considered on the strategic level of financial security, network security, economic security and national security. First, in January 15th last year, China Banking Regulatory Commission issued the "IOE" quantitative indicators issued by the banking sector. In April 16th of the same year, the China Banking Regulatory Commission, Ministry of industry and information technology jointly issued a statement saying: "to steadily and reasonably promote the information security of the banking industry, the regulation will continue to be revised and improved, and will be re issued and implemented in the future.". But then seems to end. Today, the IT industry in the United States "eight King Kong bukebufang Strategic Warning echoes in already open to Apple’s smart mobile phone mobile payment, Apple Pay apparently entered the national financial system information hub heavily. In this way, the financial industry autonomous controllable way? Second, Apple Pay landing whether the need for national network security review? In May 2014, the relevant departments of the state announced that the important information technology products and services used in the system of national security and public interest should be reviewed through network security. As we all know, with apple mobile phone security vulnerabilities, ulterior motives can completely illegal control, interference, interrupt the user system, especially illegal collection, storage, processing and use of user information. Network security review is a major system of cyberspace legalization, is an important guarantee to defend the network of the country, if not effectively implemented, the rule of law, cyberspace legalization of the road? Third, the country is currently strengthening financial supervision of the Internet, for the "Apple Pay" landing, whether the country has regulatory capacity? In the cyberspace where the unknowns are far greater than known, national regulation faces enormous challenges. 2015 Internet financial issues concentrated outbreak: more than 700 P2P platform run away, Pan Asian crisis, "e rent treasure" event staged turns. And "Apple Pay" involves the network sovereignty, especially the national network jurisdiction and a series of new regulatory issues. If we can not achieve effective supervision, where is the way for the modernization of the national cyberspace governance system and governance capacity? Enter Sina Financial shares] discussion

评论:苹果支付或冲击我国金融安全   秦安:苹果支付或冲击我国金融安全   2月18日,传言了许久的苹果支付(Apple Pay)正式落地中国。据报道,除工、农、中、建等19家主流银行宣布支持苹果支付外,支持Apple Pay的首批POS终端也浮出水面,既包括了以银联、银行为代表的国家队,也包括其他第三方支付机构。中国是苹果最大的消费市场,拥有数以千万计的用户,Apple Pay的到来必然给中国的移动支付带来重大影响。一些不可回避的重大问题,必须上升到金融安全、网络安全乃至经济安全、国家安全的战略层面慎重思考。   其一,去年1月15日,银监会出台银行业去“IOE”定量指标出台。同年4月16日,中国银监会、工业和信息化部联合发表声明称:“为稳步合理地推进银行业的信息安全,该规定将继续修订和完善,将来会重新发布并实施。但此后似乎无疾而终。如今,美国IT业“八大金刚”不可不防的战略警示回音犹在,移动支付对苹果智能手机已然开放,Apple Pay显然进入国家金融体系的信息枢纽重地。这样走下去,金融业自主可控的路在何方?   其二,Apple Pay落地是否需要进行国家网络安全审查?2014年5月国家有关部门就宣布,关系国家安全和公共利益的系统使用的、重要信息技术产品和服务,应通过网络安全审查。众所周知,借助苹果手机安全漏洞,别有用心者完全可以非法控制、干扰、中断用户系统,尤其是可以非法收集、存储、处理和利用用户有关信息。网络安全审查是网络空间法制化的重大制度,是守住网络国门的重要保障,如果得不到切实落实,依法治国、网络空间法制化的路在何方?   其三,国家目前正在加强对互联网金融监管,对于“Apple Pay”的落地,国家是否已经具备监管能力?在未知远远大于已知的网络空间,国家监管面临巨大的挑战。2015年互联网金融问题集中爆发:700多家P2P平台跑路,泛亚危机、“e租宝”事件等轮番上演。而“Apple Pay”涉及到网络主权,尤其是国家网络管辖权等一系列监管新课题。如果不能实现有效监管,国家网络空间治理体系和治理能力现代化的路在何方? 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章:

Trump always ignored experts. More exciting content 湖南九嶷职业技术学院

Trump launched a new economic plan, experts say you still don’t come to FX168 news, Trump in 15 speech in New York, updated his economic plan. He said he would take a tough stance on trade partners and accelerate U.S. energy production through tax cuts and legislation. He said that this will make the U.S. GDP growth rate of at least 3.5%, and in ten years to create 25 million jobs, so that the U.S. standard of living once again dominate the world. Trump pointed out that the lack of economic growth is a threat to many americans. Since the end of the last recession, the U.S. economy has increased by about 2% per year. But his plan has 2 big holes, which may lead to less work. First, he opposes free trade and supports punitive tariffs, which may raise prices and cause depression. Second, he wanted to limit immigration, and most economists felt that legal immigrants were good for the workforce. Mainstream economists attacked his plan. Moodie analysts expect that Trump’s ruling will cause 7 million jobs to drain, and U.S. stocks will drop by 12%. Economists at the University of Oxford point out that Trump’s plan will shrink GDP by 5%, and the U.S. economy will lose $1 trillion. Even economists who support Trump say they need to make specific analysis of developments. Of course, Trump always ignored experts. More exciting content, welcome to pay attention to WeChat public number: Tencent Finance (financeapp).

特朗普推出新经济计划 专家称您还是别上台FX168讯 特朗普于15日在纽约发表讲话,更新了他的经济计划。他表示会通过削减税收和立法,对贸易伙伴采取强硬态度和加速美国能源生产。他表示,这会让美国GDP的增长率至少达到3.5%,以及在十年内创造2500万个工作岗位,让美国的生活标准再次称霸世界。特朗普指出,经济增长乏力对很多美国人是威胁。自从上次萧条结束以来,美国经济每年增长大约2%。不过他的计划有2个巨大的漏洞,可能反而造成工作减少。第一,他反对自由贸易并支持惩罚性关税,这可能让物价飞涨并造成萧条。第二,他希望限制移民,而大多数经济学家觉得合法移民有益劳动力构成。主流经济学家都抨击了他的计划。穆迪分析师预期,特朗普执政会使700万个工作岗位流失,美股也会下跌12%。牛津大学的经济学家指出,特朗普的计划会让GDP萎缩5%,美国经济将损失1万亿美元。甚至支持特朗普的经济学家也表示需要就事态发展而具体分析。当然,特朗普一向对专家是不以为然的。 更多精彩内容欢迎搜索关注微信公众号:腾讯财经(financeapp)。相关的主题文章: